Every adoption is different. Every adoption agency has a list of criteria. Adoption law can change from State to State and country to country.
But there are some general guidelines when it comes to adoption.
There are many different types of adoption and there are different places where people can adopt children from.
However, there are general guidelines for every adoption. There are requirements and restrictions when adopting a baby or child, no matter which type of adoption is chosen or where the adopted child is from.
The first general guideline for adoption deals with the age of the adoptive parent or parents. Some adoptions state that the adoptive parents must be thirty to fifty years of age. Other adoptions require the parents to be twenty-five to fifty-five years of age. There are some adoptions which do not specify an age guideline. The guideline regarding age requirements would totally depend on the specific adoption.
There are also age guidelines for adoptive families regarding the adopted child's age. Some agencies or counties have general guidelines about placing children according to their age and the age of the adoptive parents. It appears that usually younger children and babies, six to eighteen months for example, are placed with younger adoptive parents. It is totally up to the agency or organization to decide which age is appropriate for each adoptive parent. Another general guideline for adoption deals with health history. This guideline has the ability to place restrictions on prospective adoptive parents.
There are health guidelines which adoption agencies use when choosing parents for children such as no history of major depression, mental health concerns and alcoholism for example. Again, each agency and country has their own guidelines for restrictions regarding health history and adoption.
There are often financial guidelines for adoption. In all adoptions parents must be able to assure the agency or organization that they are financially able to provide for the adopted child. There are requirement regarding finances set down for any adoption.
An important guideline for adoption deals with criminal history. Adoption agencies are not going to place children in families which have a criminal history. Children need families free from crime and threats of violence. Adoption agencies will investigate the criminal history of potential adoptive parents.
There is a general guideline for adoption regarding marital status. There are requirements for adoptive parents based on the years of marriage, past divorces and/or marital problems. Different countries and agencies have their own guidelines regarding marital status. Some children can be adopted by single parents as well.
Education is very important in any individual's life. Education is also included in the general guidelines for adoption. Parents are normally required to have a certain level of education in order to adopt a child.
There is a general guideline for adoption regarding the number of children in a household. A country or agency will make a decision about a potential adoption based partially on the number of children in the family. This too will vary from agency to agency and country to country. There are also household requirements contained within general guidelines for adoption. For example if and adoptive family has a brand-new baby, they may have to wait to adopt. Again, these household requirements are specific to individual adoptions, agencies and countries.
Religious requirements are also considered in general guidelines for adoption. For example there are religious beliefs which prohibit medical treatment, this sort of factor would play an important part in the decision making process of an adoption. Each agency, organization and country will lay down guidelines for adoption regarding religious requirements.
In the general guidelines for adoption, there are usually citizenship requirements. Again this guideline will depend on the agency, organization and country.
These are the general guidelines for adoption. Each adoption agency will also impose its own criteria. Every country has its own legal requirements for adoption.